A STEM-educated workforce is necessary for preserving American capacity for innovation and discovery and for ensuring U.S. economic strength and competitiveness in the international marketplace of the 21st century. According to the National Science Board Science and Engineering Indicators 2012, the S&E workforce has for decades grown faster than the total workforce... The number of workers in S&E occupations grew from about 182,000 in 1950 to 5.4 million in 2009. As demand for skilled STEM workers continues to grow the U.S. will work to produce the workers required to fill those employment needs. The looming retirements of the baby-boomer generation and current unemployment rates have exacerbated a U.S. workforce in flux for many generations. Many industry sectors, non-profit organizations, entrepreneurs and educational institutions are working in a variety of ways in order to bolster the STEM related workforce pipeline. Understanding the work these organizations are undertaking in the STEM fields will inform the federal government's role, help to reduce duplication of effort, and leverage existing programs.
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