Cost Analysis is an emerging sub-discipline of Economics and Operations Research. This is the first collection of readings that spans the discipline. The contributions are both theoretical and applications oriented. This book is directed to researchers in Economics, Operations Research, Industrial Engineering, and Managerial Accounting. In particular, the book provides an overview of the types of problems that are of interest to cost researchers. These papers are a subset of the papers that were presented at the 1989 Joint National Meeting of the Institute of Cost Analysis and the National Estimating Society in Washington, D.C.