The Roman Empire is one of the highest politicalaccomplishments in the Western civilization. Rome has alwaysbeen known for magnificent constructions, legends, rich culturesand mighty emperors who overthrew kingdoms. Romedominated the Western Mediterranean and in 27 BC Octavian,established the powerful Roman Empire under him. The empirethrived and attained a population of one million becoming thefirst to have reached such extraordinary number, in the history.Grandiose and splendour of the Romans started to fall in timeand by the 6th century the population fell to as less as30,000 which further fell to 20,000 when it was influenced byPapal Schism and Avignon Papacy.Rome was almost lost in the medieval times but 15th and 16th centuries saw it gain its lost finery once again. From theSistine Chapel to the renowned St. Peter's Basilica, Renaissancearchitecture was in its full bloom. Roman emperor, Charles Vcarried out a military coup – 'Sack of Rome', which disruptedthe growth of the city but the Papacy restated itself and thecity flourished once again.Rummaged by many political games in the 17th and 18thcentury, Rome is a now the capital of Italy and the LazioRegion.
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